The Ratio of Analysts to Programmers

“Good specifications will improve programmer productivity far better than any programming tool or technique.”
– Bryce’s Law


In terms of systems development, during the 1960’s and early 1970’s you were either a Systems Analyst or a Programmer. Period. At the time, there were substantially more analysts than programmers (at least a 2:1 ratio). This was due, in part, to the fact that computing was just coming into its own in the corporate world and there were still people around who could look at systems in its entirety. However, there was a screaming need for people to program computers and, as such, this became the boom years of programming. If you knew COBOL, Fortran, or PL/1 you could just about right your own ticket. Salaries were good, and you could intimidate your employer simply by what you knew (you had to commit something like murder to get fired). The emphasis on programming became so great that authors rushed out voluminous books to increase programmer productivity, hence the birth of the Structured Programming movement of the late 1970’s, which was followed shortly thereafter by the CASE movement (Computer Aided Software Engineering).

While programming was growing in stature, Systems Analysis was in sharp decline. Trade groups such as the Association for Systems Management (ASM) saw their membership dwindle to nothing and were forced to close their doors. The last of the old Systems Analysts either retired or were put out to pasture by corporations in the 1980’s. New job titles emerged, such as Software Engineer and Analyst/Programmer. This latter title is a bit of a misnomer as the emphasis was on programming and not systems analysis.

Although programming excelled, a noticeable void began to appear in terms of people who could see systems in its totality. Writing a good program is one thing, getting it to interface with other programs to form a whole system is something entirely different. By the turn of the century, the industry started to talk about such things as “Enterprise Architecture,” “Business Processes,” “Business Rules,” “Business Analysis,” etc. Further, new conferences, trade groups, and job titles began to emerge. Today, programmers are considered a dime a dozen and the stock of a true analyst is on the rise.

All of this is indicative of the industry trying to reinvent systems theory. In reality there is nothing new here as systems analysis is systems analysis. But as companies implement these concepts and job titles again, they are a bit uncertain as to where they fit in and their relationship to other Information Technology functions.


A Systems Analyst goes by many names these days; e.g., Business Analyst, Enterprise Architect, Systems Engineer (my personal preference), etc. Nonetheless, we are talking about a person whose mission is to study the information requirements of a business and design a total system solution to satisfy them. Further, the analyst is responsible for specifying the software requirements and, as such, is considered the intermediary with the programming staff. The personal characteristics of the …

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Free Satellite TV Programming- How to Get it

Satellite TV offers a lot of benefits to the viewers with its bigger variety of programming channels compared to cable TV. The picture quality is excellent because broadcasting is in digital format with crystal clear picture.  Satellite TV is usually accessible through paid services offered by satellite TV providers. But did you know that now you can get free satellite TV programming and enjoy thousands of channels without monthly bills?

Watching free satellite TV programming is a dream come true that will benefit most TV viewers. Imagine enjoying hundreds of TV channels without worrying about monthly payment for the service. This free satellite TV does not include setting up any satellite TV dish system to get free satellite TV programming. The procedure in getting this free satellite TV is much easier and you can get free programming in minutes after installation.

Free satellite TV programming is now possible with the use of satellite TV software. This is a new development from years or research and testing. A software that will allow you to watch satellite TV on your PC. The software is an easy to use computer program that will allow you to legally access satellite television channels from all over the world and sends them to your PC through the internet. This amazing discovery and development allows you to watch free satellite TV programming on your PC.

You do not need a satellite dish or satellite TV providers and you will not pay for subscription services. All you need is your computer and an internet connection which most people already have.  A one time payment for the software is much cheaper compared to the satellite TV subscription fee that most people are paying every month. After installation of the software you will enjoy free satellite TV programming without the monthly bills.

With advance technology now, there are more options for you to get the best services for a lower cost or almost free. Turn your computer into satellite TV and watch more then 3,000 free satellite TV programming visit Satellite TV for PC

To know more about electronic gadgets and downloads visit Great Discovery

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Desktop Applications Vs. Web Applications

Software application development began with desktop applications, which could be used on standalone machines only. However, with the advent of internet and online commerce, web application development gained importance. Word processors and media players can be considered to be typical desktop applications, while an online shopping cart on an ecommerce website can be considered as a web application.
By definition, a desktop application means any software that can be installed on a single computer (laptop or a desktop) and used to perform specific tasks. Some desktop applications can also be used by multiple users in a networked environment. Web application development, however, soon started replacing desktop applications for reasons of portability and better functions from usability point of view. Web application development is usually made on client-server architecture and use a web-browser as the client interface. This is one of the reasons why web applications are so widely getting popular. Though web applications offer a slight advantage over desktop applications, there is a very narrow chance of desktop applications becoming outdated. The primary reason for this could be the security issues and legalities associated with web based applications.
Following is a basic comparison on desktop and web based applications based on certain parameters:

  • Maintenance – web based applications need to be installed only once where as desktop applications are to be installed separately on each computer. Also updating the applications is cumbersome with desktop applications as it needs to be done on every single computer which is not the case with web applications.
  • Ease of use – desktop applications are confined to a physical location and hence have usability constraint. Web applications development on the other hand makes it convenient for the users to access the application from any location using the Internet.
  • Security – web applications are exposed to more security risks than desktop applications. You can have a total control over the standalone applications and protect it from various vulnerabilities. This may not be the case with web applications as they are open to a large number of users in the Internet community thus widening the threat.
  • Connectivity – web application development relies significantly on Internet connectivity and speed. Absence of Internet or its poor connectivity can cause performance issues with web applications. Desktop applications are standalone in nature and hence do not face any hindrances resulting from Internet connectivity. Connectivity also significantly affects the speed at which desktop and web applications operate.
  • Cost factor – web application development and its maintenance involve higher costs and mostly recurring in nature. Desktop applications are purchased one time and there are not continually occurring charges. However, in certain cases, maintenance fees may be charged.

Having considered the basics of desktop and web application development, the selection of a suitable type will depend on the business needs and factors discussed in the comparison given above.…

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Guide for Android Application Development

Today Google is a giant search engine. On internet, Google has multiple products like Google reader, Google buzz, Gmail, Google books and many more. In addition, it has popular browser called Google chrome.

Android is very popular word today on internet and in real world. However, what is Android? When you see the title of this article then you are confusing. If you don’t know about Android then you waste your time to read this article. However, don’t worry. Android is an operating system like Window but not for computers it’s for Mobile devices like cellular phones, tabletcomputers and notebooks. Android Inc developed it but then after Google Purchased It.

Android operating system software consists java applications and running on java based fretworks which contains top java libraries.  So people who familiar with java and java application development easily create any android application.  Android Operating System consists five important parts, which are application, application framework, libraries, android run time, and Linux kernel.

There many version for released for Android OS system which are Android 1.1, 1.5, 1.6, 2.0, 2.0, 2.1. Current version is 2.1 and 2.2 is yet not released. If you want to create any android applications then you must have Android SDK, Eclipse, and ADT Plug in.

The Android SDK provides you various tools, and API, which are necessary for developing any Android application on Android platform using Java programming language. If you install Android SDK on your computer then your system must run on Windows XP (32-bit) or Vista (32- or 64-bit) and Mac OS X 10.5.8 or later (x86 only) operating system. Latest Version of SDK is 2.1. Also you have some supported development environment like Eclipse IDE, Eclipse JDT plugin, JDK 5 or JDK 6 or Android Development Tools plugin (ADT PlugIn).

In android application development, the user interface (UI) is build using View and ViewGroup objects. In addition, Android SDK contains some tools for debug your application like Android Debug Bridge (ADB), Dalvik Debug Monitor Server (DDMS), Traceview, logcat, and Eclipse ADT plugin.

After developed any application then main part is testing. If you developed your application, using Eclipse and ADT then you can test your application within an emulator or the device you on which you run your application

Android SDK has various custom tools, which are helpful android developers to create any android application such as

  • Android Development Tools Plugin
  • Android Emulator
  • Android Virtual Devices (AVDs)
  • Hierarchy Viewer
  • layoutopt
  • Draw 9-patch
  • Dalvik Debug Monitor Service (ddms)
  • Android Debug Bridge (adb)
  • Android Asset Packaging Tool (aapt)
  • Android Interface Description Language (aidl)
  • sqlite3
  • Traceview
  • mksdcard
  • dx
  • UI/Application Exerciser Monkey
  • android
  • zipalign

Okie finally your application developed successfully now the final step is Application installation on particular devices. If you want to move your application on external devices then you must declare “android:installLocation” manifest attribute within your application. If you application is big size means in megabytes then its depend upon you that you install your application in internal devices or in external device. Finally, …

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Extended Stay Hotels in Los Angeles, California

Extended stay hotels are abundant in the United States particularly in California. In the city of Los Angeles alone, it is packed with budget motels, discount hotel and extended stay lodgings. Los Angeles is also known as L.A. or the “City of Angels”. It is the largest city in the state of California. This big and historical city is an important culture, media, international trade and business hub. In addition, Los Angeles is famous for being the world’s center of entertainment industry which also makes it a major tourist destination. It has a permanent global status due to its sprawling entertainment industry.

Extended Stay Hotels in LA

Extended Stay America La Mirada– This hotel is located at 14775 Firestone Boulevard, La Mirada Los Angeles California 90638. For more information, you can contact this hotel at 714-670-8579. You can also fax them at 714-67-8361. It is ideal for longer stays including studio-style accommodations that feature fully equipped kitchens as well as a lot of working spaces. It is also filled with numerous amenities that you won’t normally find in any hotel room. Rooms come with a kitchen equipped with a stovetop, microwave and refrigerator. It also has a computer dataport and offers free local phone calls as well as on-site laundry area, cooking and dining utensils along with an iron and an ironing board. Guests also have the option of personalizing their voice mail. The wireless Internet in this hotel only has a one-time fee of only 4.99 US dollars per stay. It also offers pet-friendly rooms for pet lovers.
Extended Stay America Arcadia – This is yet another branch of Extended Stay America. This Extended Stay hotel is situated at 401 E. Santa Clara St. Arcadia California 91006. For inquiries, reservations and other concerns, you can fax them at 626-446-6533 or call them at 626-446-6422. Hotel amenities include free phone calls (local only), on-site guest laundry area and personalized voice mail service as well as computer dataport in workspace, full sized ironing board and iron along with available pet friendly rooms for pet lovers, cooking and dining utensils. It also offers a one-time wireless Internet fee of 4.99 US dollars per stay.
Extended Stay America Chino Valley – This extended stay hotel is located at 4325 Corporate Center Avenue, Chino California 91710. For more information, you can contact the hotel at 909-597-8675 or you can fax them at 909-597-8716. Its studios provide the conveniences and comforts that long-term vacationers value the most. In addition, it also features full-sized appliances, kitchens and separate living, sleeping and working areas.…

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Even though IT market is affected significantly due to recession, the grace and value is not smashed among the students who are going to take IT in their college graduation.

Hardware have additional responsibilities of not only software and programmers work but also make computers efficient, faster and network-oriented for better transfer of data. For a successful career in hardware the candidate should


The domain of computers and Information Technology is so vast that it is not possible for an individual to have an in depth knowledge of all such domains. It is for this purpose that computer education is broadly divided into two streams:

i)              Software  ii)    Hardware

At the same time, in recent times, it is also becoming one of the international hubs in hardware too. A number of courses are available across different universities and institutions in both the domains at their college graduation gowns. These college graduation Courses vary from short-term certificate course to long-term degree and post-degree courses. The short-term courses are usually of three months to one year duration and they help in the basic understanding of the computer fundamentals, Courses

Spheres of study: Computer technology is such a vast field that an individual can hardly understand or master all such technologies. Therefore, they are divided into so many different sub fields and domains.

Web Technologies: In the application development especially two web technologies lead the field. They are both Java/J2EE and Microsoft .NET technologies. The Java has been in existence for more than ten years. And since then it has become more popular and most earning one. Still It has remained one of the topmost web technologies in the world. Facilitate of development and fast turnaround time has made .NET very popular. After the release of Windows Longhorn in last 2006-07, .NET is set to accumulate further momentum.

Scripting Languages: In programming domain scripting languages plays a vital role. Some of the scripting language like Linux, Apache, MySQL, Pearl/PHP/Python, and LAMP are getting more popular and as a result more number of vacancies is opening up.

Traditional Programming Languages: It is not a concern whatever the case, the traditional programming languages will always be there. There are some important domains like when interacting with hardware where these languages provide the only solution. Though the total number of vacancies in such languages is less compared to others but when they are coming they are economically more rewarding and also provide for job security. Also the competition in such vacancies is less as few opt for such option due to tuff stamina of the languages. It is more valuable and high earning one among so many college graduation gowns.…

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Watch Los Angeles Dodgers Mlb Games Online

I have always been a big Joe Torre fan and was sad to see him leave New York. Curious as I was, I looked to see how often I could catch a Los Angeles Dodgers game on television once LA hired Torre as manager. Being an east coast dweller, I found some, but not many, opportunities to catch a Dodgers game. Then I learned I could watch Los Angeles Dodgers MLB games online.

Good news.

Curiosity about the Los Angeles Dodgers stemmed from the ironic aspect Torre would be managing former players of east coast rival Boston Red Sox. Now I could watch stars like Manny Ramirez, Derek Lowe and Nomar Garciaparra play NL ball. Torre also brought former Yankee coaches Don Mattingly and Larry Bowa with him to the coast. I also gained access to get acquainted with stars like slugger Orlando Hudson and pitching phenoms Chad Billingsley and Jonathan Broxton.

All I needed was this fabulous software, and I was in business. Once I downloaded the software, which was very easy, installed it and I was all set to watch live streaming video on my computer over the Internet. I could catch Dodgers games televised from wherever. You can watch on your PC, too.

You need a DSL or cable Internet connection along with a computer operating on Windows or Macintosh. Don’t worry if you don’t have a fancy up-to-date computer. Now, you’re all set to watch Los Angeles Dodgers MLB games online. But wait, there’s more.

This fantastic software gives you access to additional sports venues as well as watching your shows, news, and entertainment channels, plus history, education and a variety of children’s programming.

My curiosity about the Dodgers was satisfied once I downloaded the software. Now, I watch what I want with access to more than 3,500 TV stations!…

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Transponder Chip Keys Cut & Programmed by san Diego Locksmith


Most of the new cars on today’s market require different transponder keys in order to start them. A transponder key is basically a regular car ignition key that has a small computer chip with copper wiring inside the head of the key. This Transponder key uses Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), technology. The transponder exchanges data with the vehicle’s computer for recognition. When you use the key and you turn the ignition switch, the chip receives the signals from vehicle’s computer and returns the signals to the computer.

The vehicle’s computer then processes these signals and if they match, the vehicle will start; if they not match the vehicle won’t start. If the transponder inside the key is missing or damaged, it is impossible to start your car. Transponder keys are costly and they require special programming of the vehicle’s computer for recognition. San Diego Locksmith provide professional transponder key cutting, programming, VAT keys service, and electronic car key fob programming for most makes and models.

Please contact us for free estimate and consultation about ignition transponder keys and remotes. All our locksmith services are mobile locksmith services in San Diego Locksmith area. We don’t have a store front.

Ignition Switch Keys – Installation and Repair Services

San Diego Locksmith provide car ignition installation, repair, and replacement services. Our experienced and professional auto locksmith technicians are available 24/7 throughout the year. We have an average 15 minute response services at competitive rates in Paradise Valley area. Our technicians and experts have the latest available tools to provide detailed and quick ignition services that include: ignition replacement and installation, ignition system repair, broken key extraction, lock repair, transponder key programming, key fob programming, VAT keys programming, and much more.…

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Dynamics GP Development: Dexterity, eConnect, SQL Scripting notes

Programming for Microsoft Dynamics GP, formerly known as Great Plains Dynamics, eEnteprise (please note that its predecessor Great Plains Accounting for DOS and Windows is different application and its modification options are different and in fact very limited) – if this is you research subject, we offer you this small publication, based on our Great Plains Customization experience, including large projects in eCommerce, Warehouse Management and Barcoding, EDI, Random Weight or Catch Weight, Barcode Labels algorithms, based on Item Number and Serial/Lot number extension, Consignment, Healthcare, Placement, Picking and Packing, Shipping and Receiving, Beverage mixing mills, Freight Forwarding industries.  Great Plains Dynamics GP is good fit for mid-size businesses in USA and English speaking countries, plus it is reasonably localized in Mexico, Caribbean and Spanish Speaking Latin America, it is popular in South East Asia and Oceania (and French speaking Quebec in Canada).  If you are trying to implement (and partially localize Great Plains) for such countries and regions as Brazil, China, Russia, East Europe, Japan, Korea, we feel that we sort of have to discourage you, as Dynamics GP Dexterity doesn’t support UNICODE (Chinese, Japanese, Korean and other hieroglyph based languages), plus in Russia, Kazakhstan, Central Asia Microsoft Business Solutions has Dynamics AX Axapta (and Navision Dynamics NAV) assuming that your overseas subsidiary is mid-size business, and AX and NAV are too large in their implementation scope and budget wise, we recommend SAP Business One, which is localize and certified in most countries with local Government Audit and Tax Authorities.  But let’s come back to the topic: Great Plains Customization tools:

1. Great Plains Dexterity.  Even if you feel that you do not want to review this initial tool and in essence original architecture of Great Plains Software Dynamics, we feel that it is so important, as it is still a core of the Microsoft Dynamics GP ERP, MRP and Accounting applications.  If you have little knowledge about ERP shells, that were popular in 1990th, we would like you to remind SAP ABAP story.  ABAP was and still is the shell and its mission is to abstract SAP system from Operating System and Database Platform.  This abstraction was considered as crucial in the time of Mainframe computers and Mini (Sun) and Micro (IBM PC) computers competition.  Windows, Macintosh, Unix, Solaris, plus database platform parade: Ctree, Btrieve, IBM DBII, Oracle, DBASE, Ingress, Progress, plus consider computer Graphical Operating Systems: Microsoft Windows, MAC and Solaris battle.  GP Dexterity was the way to go those days and it was coded in C programming language (unfortunately Unicode was not known those days, otherwise Great Plains internationalization might be different today).  Dex allowed Great Plains Dynamics to coexist on chosen (but technically it could be transferrable to other C programming language compliant computer platforms without problem) platforms: Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh, plus on DB platforms: Ctree/Faircom, Btrieve and Microsoft SQL Server.  Dexterity is limitless in Great Plains modification ability.  If you are experienced Dexterity programmer, you can modify any selected GP form, Report, add …

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What It Takes to be a CNC Operator?

Being a CNC operator may seem a little too easy but take a look at the requirements from companies and you’ll think twice about the difficulty level of being a CNC operator. Being a CNC operator takes a lot more than just being able to handle long hours of staring at the monitor or creating an input stack for the programs. What it means is that you have to have outstanding programming capabilities and at least basic machining knowledge. Job Requirements A CNC operator has to be knowledgeable about blueprint reading. This is because, basic design concepts and construction is hinged heavily on blueprints. Furthermore, the components that are being manufactured by companies that have CNC machines are based on blueprints of a whole structure. Therefore, if you do not know how to read blueprints, you won’t know what to program the machine to do. Another thing that a CNC operator has to have is familiarization with machine operations. If the operator does not know which machine tools are for which job, or how fast the machine can work, or what the rate of feed is for the machine, or even the depth of the cut needed for the operation, then you wouldn’t be productive and the operation would be a failure. The most obvious thing that an operator would have to know would be the general operating characteristics of the machine. He/she would have to know what the machine runs on—tape, network data input, or floppy. Furthermore, proper data input procedures have to be observed to lower the error ratio. A faulty data input procedure could cause the entire cycle to collapse therefore lowering the level of efficiency. Working with CNC machines means that you will also be dealing with a lot of computer work. This means that you have to be familiar with basic computer operations. In addition to that, you will have to know how to interpret data in the program output stack. The company’s requirements and the benefits. some companies require a lot more than what is written above. Oftentimes, they require applicants to be familiar with the system that they use. Other times, they want the applicants to have no less than five years of experience working in a factory or at least working with a CNC machine. Also, some companies require applicants to undertake a specific training program to ensure the employers that the material they are getting is worth the money they will be shelling out. However, the benefits that can be reaped is quite solid. Salaries and insurances are often negotiable. Working hours are also a snap! All you would have to do is initiate the cycle and then sit back and occasionally check for glitches. Furthermore, these companies often takes care of their operators as there is always a shortage of skilled enough people to take hold of the position. So, what does it take to be a CNC operator? To synthesize the requirements, you have to be amazingly determined to …

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