The Ratio of Analysts to Programmers

“Good specifications will improve programmer productivity far better than any programming tool or technique.”
– Bryce’s Law

INTRODUCTION

In terms of systems development, during the 1960’s and early 1970’s you were either a Systems Analyst or a Programmer. Period. At the time, there were substantially more analysts than programmers (at least a 2:1 ratio). This was due, in part, to the fact that computing was just coming into its own in the corporate world and there were still people around who could look at systems in its entirety. However, there was a screaming need for people to program computers and, as such, this became the boom years of programming. If you knew COBOL, Fortran, or PL/1 you could just about right your own ticket. Salaries were good, and you could intimidate your employer simply by what you knew (you had to commit something like murder to get fired). The emphasis on programming became so great that authors rushed out voluminous books to increase programmer productivity, hence the birth of the Structured Programming movement of the late 1970’s, which was followed shortly thereafter by the CASE movement (Computer Aided Software Engineering).

While programming was growing in stature, Systems Analysis was in sharp decline. Trade groups such as the Association for Systems Management (ASM) saw their membership dwindle to nothing and were forced to close their doors. The last of the old Systems Analysts either retired or were put out to pasture by corporations in the 1980’s. New job titles emerged, such as Software Engineer and Analyst/Programmer. This latter title is a bit of a misnomer as the emphasis was on programming and not systems analysis.

Although programming excelled, a noticeable void began to appear in terms of people who could see systems in its totality. Writing a good program is one thing, getting it to interface with other programs to form a whole system is something entirely different. By the turn of the century, the industry started to talk about such things as “Enterprise Architecture,” “Business Processes,” “Business Rules,” “Business Analysis,” etc. Further, new conferences, trade groups, and job titles began to emerge. Today, programmers are considered a dime a dozen and the stock of a true analyst is on the rise.

All of this is indicative of the industry trying to reinvent systems theory. In reality there is nothing new here as systems analysis is systems analysis. But as companies implement these concepts and job titles again, they are a bit uncertain as to where they fit in and their relationship to other Information Technology functions.

CHARACTERISTICS

A Systems Analyst goes by many names these days; e.g., Business Analyst, Enterprise Architect, Systems Engineer (my personal preference), etc. Nonetheless, we are talking about a person whose mission is to study the information requirements of a business and design a total system solution to satisfy them. Further, the analyst is responsible for specifying the software requirements and, as such, is considered the intermediary with the programming staff. The personal characteristics of the …

Read More →

Advertising – Precious Information Or Vicious Manipulation?

Is advertising the ultimate means to inform and help us in our everyday decision-making or is it just an excessively powerful form of mass deception used by companies to persuade their prospects and customers to buy products and services they do not need? Consumers in the global village are exposed to increasing number of advertisement messages and spending for advertisements is increasing accordingly.

It will not be exaggerated if we conclude that we are ‘soaked in this cultural rain of marketing communications’ through TV, press, cinema, Internet, etc. (Hackley and Kitchen, 1999). But if thirty years ago the marketing communication tools were used mainly as a product-centered tactical means, now the promotional mix, and in particular the advertising is focused on signs and semiotics. Some argue that the marketers’ efforts eventually are “turning the economy into symbol so that it means something to the consumer” (Williamson, cited in Anonymous, Marketing Communications, 2006: 569). One critical consequence is that many of the contemporary advertisements “are selling us ourselves” (ibid.)

The abovementioned process is influenced by the commoditisation of products and blurring of consumer’s own perceptions of the companies’ offering. In order to differentiate and position their products and/or services today’s businesses employ advertising which is sometimes considered not only of bad taste, but also as deliberately intrusive and manipulative. The issue of bad advertising is topical to such extent that organisations like Adbusters have embraced the tactics of subvertising – revealing the real intend behind the modern advertising. The Adbusters magazine editor-in-chief Kalle Lason commented on the corporate image building communication activities of the big companies: “We know that oil companies aren’t really friendly to nature, and tobacco companies don’t really care about ethics” (Arnold, 2001). On the other hand, the “ethics and social responsibility are important determinants of such long-term gains as survival, long-term profitability, and competitiveness of the organization” (Singhapakdi, 1999). Without communications strategy that revolves around ethics and social responsibility the concepts of total quality and customer relationships building become elusive. However, there could be no easy clear-cut ethics formula of marketing communications.

ADVERTISING – PRESCIOUS INFORMATION OR VICIOUS MANIPULATION?

In order to get insights into the consumer perception about the role of advertising we have reviewed a number of articles and conducted four in-depth interviews. A number of research papers reach opposed conclusions. These vary from the ones stating that “the ethicality of a firm’s behavior is an important consideration during the purchase decision” and that consumers “will reward ethical behavior by a willingness to pay higher prices for that firm’s product” (Creyer and Ross Jr., 1997) to others stressing that “although consumers may express a desire to support ethical companies, and punish unethical companies, their actual purchase behaviour often remains unaffected by ethical concerns” and that “price, quality and value outweigh ethical criteria in consumer purchase behaviour” (Carrigan and Attalla, 2001). Focusing on the advertising as the most prominent marketing communication tool we have constructed and conducted an interview consisting of four themes and nine questions. …

Read More →

Free Satellite TV Programming- How to Get it

Satellite TV offers a lot of benefits to the viewers with its bigger variety of programming channels compared to cable TV. The picture quality is excellent because broadcasting is in digital format with crystal clear picture.  Satellite TV is usually accessible through paid services offered by satellite TV providers. But did you know that now you can get free satellite TV programming and enjoy thousands of channels without monthly bills?

Watching free satellite TV programming is a dream come true that will benefit most TV viewers. Imagine enjoying hundreds of TV channels without worrying about monthly payment for the service. This free satellite TV does not include setting up any satellite TV dish system to get free satellite TV programming. The procedure in getting this free satellite TV is much easier and you can get free programming in minutes after installation.

Free satellite TV programming is now possible with the use of satellite TV software. This is a new development from years or research and testing. A software that will allow you to watch satellite TV on your PC. The software is an easy to use computer program that will allow you to legally access satellite television channels from all over the world and sends them to your PC through the internet. This amazing discovery and development allows you to watch free satellite TV programming on your PC.

You do not need a satellite dish or satellite TV providers and you will not pay for subscription services. All you need is your computer and an internet connection which most people already have.  A one time payment for the software is much cheaper compared to the satellite TV subscription fee that most people are paying every month. After installation of the software you will enjoy free satellite TV programming without the monthly bills.

With advance technology now, there are more options for you to get the best services for a lower cost or almost free. Turn your computer into satellite TV and watch more then 3,000 free satellite TV programming visit Satellite TV for PC

To know more about electronic gadgets and downloads visit Great Discovery

Read More →

CHOOSING JAVA VS .NET FOR WEB DEVELOPMENT

Today, we have a wide range of programming languages which have helped us in creating projects for different purposes. Two major programming languages that have attained a huge amount of success in the recent years are Java and .Net. The Software Development Services Providers have used these two technologies on a very large scale. The field of web development has also been greatly benefited with the introduction of different programming languages.

In my article I would like to make you familiar with some exclusive facts about Java and .Net. The Software Development Services offered in the present year mainly involves the features of both these technologies.

Java has been exclusively used for carrying out efficient web development. Today, the web services are developed using the Java technology API? and tools which are provided by many integrated Web Services platforms. Various webservice stacks consists of JAX-WS, JAZB and WSIT which enable the programmers to create secure Web Services. JavaScript can actually make your website even more interactive. You can easily use the Java scripts in order to perform different activities such as form validation, browser identification and advertisement management etc. Using Java scripts can help your website feature rich with enhanced features. JavaScript can be easily used with any language that is used for web programming. You can easily use JavaScript to handle all your client side activities. Java also includes Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML). This feature allows a website to display its contents without the need of refreshing the web page again and again. It has also been helpful in transferring a large amount of data from the server side to the client side without much delay using XML.

On the other hand, ASP.Net programming has also been an immense success in the recent years. It allows the programmers to build dynamic websites, web services and web applications. In order to use the ASP .NET technology you need to have a web server and a .Net framework. The different steps which are involved in creating a simple ASP.NET web page include the following:-

?hoosing and defining the language you wish to use on the framework (like for eg: C# or Visual Basic).

?reating an HTML Form.

?ing this form to the server you wish to use.

?he processing to be carried out on the server side.

The web server can either be Microsoft IIS (Internet Information Services) or an Apache 2 .The different Software Development Services offered by the software firms include the features that have helped in completing the projects related to different fields within a very short span of time by using either of the technologies. The Software Development Services offered using these technologies have helped different business firms in achieving their goals within a short period of time. Having an excellent website for your business firm can help you achieve an immense amount of popularity all over the world. I hope by now you might have got an introduction about using Java and .Net for web …

Read More →

Communicating Well During A Job Interview

 Typically, in a time of recession and uncertainty, job interviews become even more taxing. A couple of years back, to get a better job,  all it took was a quick email, smiles and a display of confidence to convey professionalism.

 Nowadays, getting a new job might mean keeping the house, not having to move, not being evicted, ceasing an unvoluntary diet, not filing for bankruptcy,  gaining back a little of your bruised self-esteem. All these stress factors increase your risk of being  uneasy when the crucial appointment has come.

Add to this that some employers  use the so called  method of stress interviewing: placing the candidate under stress to  observe how he or she  behaves.

The guides for interviewees   seldomly  address these issues. Often standard questions are provided (Name of company, position,  job title  and description, dates of  hire.What were your expectations for the job and to what extent were they met?
What were your starting and final levels of compensation? What were your  tasks? What major challenges and problems did you encounter? What did you like  or dislike about your  former job ?  Which was most / least rewarding? What was the biggest accomplishment  in this position?
What did your  co-workers say about you ? What was it like working for your  boss? What do you expect from  our company? ) together with the “best way” to answer these questions.

Certainly, preparation is good, however, the questions do not take into consideration the  interview settings. In particular, they fail to take into consideration what managers fear about the job interview. Since they are responsible for getting  high quality candidates, they are under a different pressure.

Many guides for managers recommend to ask exactly this type of questions. The  smarter job interview guidelines   differentiate between how a  candidates
sees him or herself and how they actually are seen  by others. The teacher who  states that all students can learn but whose classes are always full of “dummies” might unconsciously mislead. 

As an  candidates one can address these concerns by providing SPECIFICS: “This is an example of what I actually did”. Explain how you dealt with engineers and give examples. Bring a sample  piece of well documented programming code to your interview. Practice
a very specific hypothetical.

Providing specifics or developing hypotheticals are a good way to paint yourself in the
 brightest colours.  An additional benefit of this method is that, your interviewer will retain more easily your answers since concrete situations stick in memory  better than  general   thoughts.

Not one method alone for a job interview  will guarantee  success, however, mixing in some consideration for the person interviewing you, might give you the edge.…

Read More →

Java Vs. Asp.net: an Extended Vision of New Programming Era

We are going to talk about two major standard programming languages which are used vastly nowadays. There are several contract programmers who are using both of them individually but the supporters of these two programming languages continue the battle with their own vision and no clear conclusion.

Recently Java used in web applications but naturally it is solely used for software development. As a language Java can be used in multiple sectors and only for this reason nowadays Java is going to grab the software industry in a quick manner. Where as, ASP is used for developing dynamic database oriented websites and as a Microsoft product, ASP always prefers Microsoft product mostly.

Active Server Pages (ASP) is used in Internet Information Server (IIS) which runs in another Microsoft sponsored server. As a programming language it is entirely used in web applications and it provides maximum security to its users than other cheap languages.

To do the freelance programmer jobs both of this two programming languages are used satisfactorily but the main difference is just in their cost, platform independency, security, usability, authenticity etc.

If you are thinking to create desktop applications you are searching for classy language then the suggestion going for the ASP (.net) direction. By using visual studio, you can accurately establish a functioning desktop application within few time periods by easily dragging components and dropping them as per your wish. By doing this process you can assemble maximum time for designing your back end and your application looks alike with several windows applications.

User Interface programming with java is not so simple like ASP, thus its takes minimum couple of weeks to happily accomplish. Now it can be easily calculated that several wee web applications is done by ASP very successfully apart using Java.

In case of software application you felt maximum hazards while using ASP programming language. Where as if you want to develop a software which is really sufficient in multi-user environment and which is accessible form different access levels (both internet and extranet) with strong database back ground then the advice goes for java programming.

In case of database compatibility, java is much flexible than ASP language. Database compatibility is really too luxurious for ASP because it only accessible by MS-SQL which is a Microsoft product, where as we can say that java is a database independent programming language.

When your thinking stuck into graphic then nowadays ASP (.net) is more effectively chosen than Java by contract programmers. The visual part of ASP is much appealing, much presentable and clear than java, thus in case of web application ASP programming is getting hype over Java. Both this two languages are safe by security point of view with their own levels, but in case of expenditure ASP (.net) is slightly reasonable than Java.…

Read More →

Web Programming Projects

The overall concept of web-programming is based upon the creative of web-video campaign. The whole internet marketing methodology gets a new dimension after practicing this new idea. In fact, it has pushed the whole idea one step further.

Now, it seems as if the web is going to fill the vacuum which has been generated by the network broadcasters, but still a many questions are unanswered. For instance, how can someone experience advantage of the opportunities provided by web programming?

Basic aspects of web programming (in contemporary society)
•    A very famous author, ‘James E. Aisner’ quoted in his article ‘More Than A Name: The Role of Brands in People’s Lives’ that there are approximately fifteen types of consumer and brand relationship. The ultimate aim of Web-programming marketing initiative is to find, and promote the most appropriate and beneficial brand relationship.
•    Such relationship is being strengthened by various things but newly introduced concept of infotainment is prominently prevailing even on web pages. It is the smart amalgamation of information and entertainment. Hence, evening news is gaining more popularity than a hard news and similar advantages have TV channels like discovery, history, geographic channel and so on.
•    Certainly, websites are now not only restricted  to online brochures or catalogs. We have become more demanding from our website and hence incorporated audio, video, animation and lot more other interesting stuffs.

With the support of all above mentioned points we can definitely draw a line about Web-programming. We can recognize it as a marketing campaign which includes series of episodic Web-videos tied together by plotline and character development. We can also refer it as an ongoing initiative that smartly knits marketing stuffs into its storyline.

It is true that the whole process of web programming may require bit more amount of money. But, it would be unfair to expect instant return. We must remember that web programming is also an integral part of marketing and hence, it is all about brand relationship with the potential customer. A successful web programming campaign includes four essential elements as famous author, producer, screenwriter, and lecturer, ‘Syd Fiels’ mentioned in his book “The Screenwriter’s Workbook” viz. need identification, point-of-view, attitude, and transformation.

Technical aspects of web programming

Web development is another important aspect of web programming. It flourished since the mid 1990s. As per experts’ estimation, it would grow approximately with the rate of 20% by 2010. Easy accessibility of web development tools has also promoted the concept of web programming in its new form. For instance, LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) is available free of cost. Another immensely popular sample is WYSIWYG web development software that includes Adobe Dreamweaver or Microsoft Expression Studio (formerly Microsoft Frontpage).

Easy accessibility of software and web development tool is probably not enough and hence only 20% growth rate has been expected. Otherwise it must be something substantial like 50-100%. So, the thing is lacking, knowledge of HyperText Markup Language (HTML), or other programming languages.

Effective web programming is …

Read More →

How to Start a Successful Drop Shipping Business

Have you ever considered starting your own online business but didn’t think you had enough money to pay for inventory?  This is a roadblock that stops many people from reaching for their goal of financial freedom.  Fortunately, dropshipping allows a merchant to sell products online without having to stock any inventory!  This has opened up the door for nearly anyone to start their own online business, including you.  This article will outline all the steps required to start your own dropshipping business.

The first step is obviously finding a product to sell.  When I first started out in drop shipping I spent months searching for good wholesalers.  I came across dozens of middlemen, turnkey sites, and scammers.  The search engines are packed with subscription sites and “dealer networks” that are essientally nothing more than middlemen.  They make their profits by getting in between you and the real wholesale companies.  Choosing the right wholesaler is one of the most important decisions in starting your business so make sure you get this step right.

I strongly encourage drop shippers to use a wholesale directory to find real drop shipping companies. REAL wholesale companies DO NOT advertise in search engines.   You can look all you want, but you’re not going to find them.  For a review of all the most popular wholesale companies and directories check out Drop Shipping for Dummies.  Don’t give up your profit margins just because you wanted an easy answer.

Next you need to decide how you will sell your products.  If you know nothing about web design, you may want to start with eBay.  You can start an eBay store without much experience and they will handle the traffic and payment processing.  eBay stores start at $19.95 a month.  Amazon is another similar option as well.  Both of these options are simple to set up, but they charge fees for each item that you list, so choose your products carefully.

If you decide to build your own site, I recommend using a pre-built shopping cart solution like Zencart or Yahoo Small Business.  Both allow you to build an eCommerce site with minimal programming knowledge.  Yahoo Small Business starts at $39.95 a month and will handle your payment processing for you.  Zencart is a free open source shopping cart, but will require you to setup your own payment processing.  You can accept payment without monthly fees through PayPal or Google Checkout.  Alternatively you can get your own merchant account.

So there you have it, the basic steps to starting your own online dropshipping business.  If I had to stress one step it’s finding the right product.  Without quality products and a good profit margin, you won’t make it far.  Stick with a trusted resource and you will see success.…

Read More →

Web 2.0 Application Development : Web 2.0 Development India : Web 2.0 Application : Web 2.0 India

Web 2.0 development is about. Revolutionary new ideas are at the bottom of Web 2.0. It embraces quite a number of social phenomena like social networking, user-generated content and collective intelligence. And technologies which become popular in the Web 2.0 era are merely the means to make it easy for everyone to participate, share and create. Therefore blogs, social bookmarking and networking sites are some of the most popular online destinations nowadays. At Black Soft; we develop web 2.0 software application as per your requirment for individuals and enterprises which affects as doing business well.

Web 2.0 Application

Black Soft has the extensive expertise, experience and resources to develop Web 2.0 Applications and custom web 2.0 applications – that best suit our client’s needs, budget, schedule and existing infrastructure. Web 2.0 is second generation of internet services used in developing i.e. rich internet applications , social networking sites, wiki , community portals, online collaboration, and communication tools.

We offer Custom Web 2.0 Website Design & Programming Services, Web 2.0 Product Development and Consulting services to companies globally.

Black Soft plans, designs, builds, tests and implements Web 2.0 Design and Programming Services within strict quality standards, fully integrating them into clients’ business processes and system environments. are examples of applications we have developed for our clients :

1. Custom web 2.0 Application Development

2. Web 2.0 Application Development

3. E-Commerce/Shopping Cart and Customer Service Applications

4. Adverting Tracking, Classified, Resume Management, Inventory Management, 

Logistics Management, Accounts Management and many more…Our dedicated team of Web 2.0 developers has a unique combination of technical expertise, functional knowledge base, result oriented management and extensive experience.

We have the expertise and strengths in the following fields:

1. Web Application Analysis and Design

2. Web 2.0 Upgrade

3. Web Application Development

4. E-Commerce Web Design & Web Development Solutions

5. Database Tuning and Automated Maintenance

We work closely with clients to define their business vision and strategy to plan, implement and support their Web 2.0 initiatives. We identify business objectives and the benefits that Web 2.0 can provide and develop a detailed roadmap for solution implementation.

Technology Assessment and Architecture

The complex Web 2.0 technology infrastructure presupposes considerable complexity in application implementation, testing and support as compared to traditional web applications. When designing technical architecture we pay special attention to proper selection and effective usage of various Web 2.0 methods, frameworks and techniques including server-side software, client-side software, RSS, web protocols, valid XHTML markup, ActiveX controls, applets, real-time push, Web Services, APIs, etc. 

Implementation, Support and On-going Improvement

Based on the roadmap and architecture developed during the assessment stage we deliver solutions with comprehensive business logic, efficient performance, business and technical scalability. After the initial launch of the system we help clients grow and improve the solution by seamlessly integrating new features and services on top of existing functionality.

For More Details Log On To:

http://www.web30application.com/web-2.0/web-2.0-application-development.html…

Read More →

Neuro Linguistic Programming For Dummies

Neuro linguistic programming NLP can be learned by dummies and by anyone for that matter once its origins and principles have been explained. It is wise to begin with a brief history and definition and then to understand the principles that will be learned.

Neuro linguistic programming was originally founded in the 1970’s by Richard Bandler and John Grinder who claimed it would be instrumental in “finding ways to help people have better, fuller and richer lives”. They coined the title to denote a supposed theoretical connection between neurological processes (‘neuro’), language (‘linguistic’) and behavioral patterns that have been learned through experience (‘programming’) and that can be organised to achieve specific goals in life. To put this in a simpler way “Neuro” stands for the way our brain processes information, “Linguistic” is obviously language and “Programming” is the way that we subconsciously respond to information that our brain processes.

NLP was originally promoted by Bandler and Grinder as an extraordinarily effective and rapid form of psychological therapy, capable of addressing the full range of problems which psychologists are likely to encounter, such as phobias, depression, habit disorder, psychosomatic illnesses, learning disorders. This concept has been so successful that hypnotherapists still use these techniques to this day with incredible results.

The principle of Neuro linguistic programming is that everyone has been programmed since birth. A good example of this is if someone told you to jump off a cliff the common response is, “no that is dangerous”. Your mind is programmed to have this response when the words “jump” and “cliff” are in the same sentence. This triggers an immediate response that your parents taught you as infants which is “no”! This translates into every aspect of your life whether it is regarding dating, work, and habits that you have and want to change. By using Neuro linguistic programming you can change your normal reactions to by creating a new program in your brain that will react differently then the way you normally do.

The best way to learn Neuro linguistic programming is by taking a training course. It is very important that you train yourself in this technique because it is not something that will happen over night, however if you put the time in you will get results. The best course available is Learn Hypnosis from Wendi which you can gain access to via http://howtohypnotize-polski.blogspot.com. Wendi Friesen is a Clinical Hypnotherapist that has been researching Neuro linguistic programming for over 12 years with over 100,000’s of world wide clients.…

Read More →