The Ratio of Analysts to Programmers

“Good specifications will improve programmer productivity far better than any programming tool or technique.”
– Bryce’s Law

INTRODUCTION

In terms of systems development, during the 1960’s and early 1970’s you were either a Systems Analyst or a Programmer. Period. At the time, there were substantially more analysts than programmers (at least a 2:1 ratio). This was due, in part, to the fact that computing was just coming into its own in the corporate world and there were still people around who could look at systems in its entirety. However, there was a screaming need for people to program computers and, as such, this became the boom years of programming. If you knew COBOL, Fortran, or PL/1 you could just about right your own ticket. Salaries were good, and you could intimidate your employer simply by what you knew (you had to commit something like murder to get fired). The emphasis on programming became so great that authors rushed out voluminous books to increase programmer productivity, hence the birth of the Structured Programming movement of the late 1970’s, which was followed shortly thereafter by the CASE movement (Computer Aided Software Engineering).

While programming was growing in stature, Systems Analysis was in sharp decline. Trade groups such as the Association for Systems Management (ASM) saw their membership dwindle to nothing and were forced to close their doors. The last of the old Systems Analysts either retired or were put out to pasture by corporations in the 1980’s. New job titles emerged, such as Software Engineer and Analyst/Programmer. This latter title is a bit of a misnomer as the emphasis was on programming and not systems analysis.

Although programming excelled, a noticeable void began to appear in terms of people who could see systems in its totality. Writing a good program is one thing, getting it to interface with other programs to form a whole system is something entirely different. By the turn of the century, the industry started to talk about such things as “Enterprise Architecture,” “Business Processes,” “Business Rules,” “Business Analysis,” etc. Further, new conferences, trade groups, and job titles began to emerge. Today, programmers are considered a dime a dozen and the stock of a true analyst is on the rise.

All of this is indicative of the industry trying to reinvent systems theory. In reality there is nothing new here as systems analysis is systems analysis. But as companies implement these concepts and job titles again, they are a bit uncertain as to where they fit in and their relationship to other Information Technology functions.

CHARACTERISTICS

A Systems Analyst goes by many names these days; e.g., Business Analyst, Enterprise Architect, Systems Engineer (my personal preference), etc. Nonetheless, we are talking about a person whose mission is to study the information requirements of a business and design a total system solution to satisfy them. Further, the analyst is responsible for specifying the software requirements and, as such, is considered the intermediary with the programming staff. The personal characteristics of the …

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Learning Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Apple’s iCloud Application

When it comes to convenience, cloud applications are tremendous. This is especially true when it comes to storage. However, there are always a few things that a person should remember. For example, if a person is using an Apple device, they will have access to what is known as an iCloud application. This is a cloud-based storage option that is provided for all Apple device users. A certain amount of storage space is free, but in order to get more storage space, a person will have to purchase that space from Apple. The things that needs to be remembered is how to log in and how to set up the account.

The first thing to remember is that it is imperative to memorize the pass code that is used to log into iCloud. Because of safety issues, Apple, much like other device manufacturers, have had to become overly protective of a person’s information. This means that if a person forgets their password, it can be extremely difficult to reset it. It is possible, and it can be frustrating, but it’s also somewhat comforting to know that the information stored on the cloud is being kept as safe as possible.

From there, a person can set up their device to automatically send downloaded files, such as music, videos or pictures to the cloud. This avoids those difficult situations where a person looks at their phone and realizes they’re out of storage space and then they have to go to the process of sending files to the cloud. In this case, a person can set up their device so the the downloaded files are automatically sent to the cloud. If a person is informed that their cloud storage is reaching its limits, they can either delete items or pay for more storage.

These are simply the basics when it comes to Apple’s iCloud application. If you’re interested in learning more about what this application provides, and if you want to understand how to set up your account and do other things in terms of using the iCloud, a website like www.icloudlogin.com may be helpful. This is a bastion of information that can help you to understand everything you could possibly want to know about the iCloud storage application. …

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Learning The Secrets About Gear

Things That We Need to Know About to Know About Spy Gears

There are a lot of people who are fans of spy movies and would also want to be one. There are a lot of kids who has a lot of fun playing spy games because of the influence of their favorite spy movies. One of the few things that people like about spies is that they are irresistible to attractive women and they would also have the chance to use advanced weapons that would have wonderful features. Being a spy is considered as a very cool job as we can see in the movies that is why there are a lot of people that are aspiring to become one. Children would surely want to have some toys that may be similar to what spies are using that is why you should know that there are also manufacturers that develop spy gears and gadgets that are suitable for children. You would surely be able to make your children a lot happier if you would get them toys of spy gears as they are able to use it in order to act as their favorite spy. Toys of spy gears have gradually been developed by manufacturers in order for them to be able to give a much better experience for children who are fans of spy movies.

You would surely make your child be more amazed with the spy gears that are sold as toys in our times today as they are science related and would have features that would surely be interesting for children. Even with all of the special features that spy gears would have, you should know that they are safe to use for children as they are properly regulated for public use and would not cause any kind of trouble. One of the most interesting spy gears that you can find in the market are night goggles as it would enable you to have night vision which could help you see even in the dark. Spy gears that are used as listening device are also very popular because as a spy, kids would also want to be able to listen to other conversations that they are not allowed to listen to. Being a spy, you would need to contact the people that you are allied with that is why there are also walkie talkies that children are able to use to contact the ones that they are playing spy with. Having spy gears can be a lot of fun as it would enable you or your children to act like a spy but you should also make sure that you are able to look for ones that would have a good quality.…

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Understanding Current Cyber Security Trends

Most computer experts know that there is always something new on the horizon when it comes to hackers and the viruses they create. What this does is it establishes various cyber security trends that can help individuals and businesses combat this constant and often growing threat. However, to understand the trends, it’s important to understand the threats. The thing to remember is that trends in cyber security are typically only responses to what the hacking community attempts to use to gain control, access or to cause damage to computer systems.

The first thing to understand is that the trend for hackers is not necessarily being maliciously destructive. Many times, hackers and the viruses and applications that they use are meant to get something. That’s why rather than going through the long and arduous steps of stealing information and using that information in a practical manner, many hackers are going towards what are known as ransomware attacks.

These attacks, in their most basic form, get into a computer or computer network and begin encrypting files so they can’t be accessed by the user. Hackers won’t have to go through elaborate measures of stealing information and either personally using that information or selling it to somebody else. Ransomware is a much easier approach. Encrypt files, demand money and once the money is paid, the files are released.

As it relates to trends in cyber security to counteract this, there are lots of complicated applications that cyber security firms will used to root out ransomware viruses. However, one of the trends is a heightened level of awareness and cautiousness. One of the reasons for this is that many types of ransomware applications all begin with somebody inadvertently opening an unknown email. One of the best ways to avoid any of this from happening is to delete emails that are spam in nature or that aren’t familiar. This typically stops this type of attack dead in its tracks.

Sometimes it’s the easiest things that can make the most impact, and in these cases, being careful when opening up emails or when responding to pop-up windows is the best way to avoid costly problems with ransomware. It may seem like a rather low-tech solution to a high-tech problem, but it’s effective and it has saved businesses many millions of dollars and many hours of potential downtime.…

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Doing Homes The Right Way

What One Should Consider in Converting his or her Home to a Smart Home

Transition of homes from modern to smart homes is a reality and relatively cheap. Among the thing which have come with the smart technology include smart cars, smart phones, smart televisions as well as many other devices. A smart home, for example, tends to have a synchronization of the cooking utensils, clocks, cameras, locks, window blinds, windows, appliances, hot water heaters among other appliances. When a home is automated, one can simply control several home appliances using a single click of a button. Unlike in the past where smart homes only existed in fiction, today’s world has smart homes as a reality.

A simple device such as a remote, a tablet, a laptop or even a smartphone can be used to control all the appliances and devices in a smart home. Where one has ensured smart home technology in his or her home, closing the curtains, closing the windows and switching off the lights would be a simple task. Where one has automated his or her home, he or she would need to use very little effort to switch on and off of the security lights as well. Rather than have to walk out of bedroom to check whether all the curtains and windows are in order, one can easily check from his or her smart device.

One would need to know that a smart home is categorized into simple lighting gadgets to a more complex system that includes the control of surveillance cameras. With the camera and other surveillance technology in a smart home, one is in a place to check any activity happening in his or her home. Right from one’s bed, one is capable of monitoring his parking lot among other areas in his or her compound. One way of ensuring that one goes for the best technology when automating a home is through ensuring that one has learnt enough. One would also need to know all the home automation products as well as their prices for him or her to invest in a pocket friendly technology.

Prior to investing in an smart home product or gadget, one would need to make sure that he or she has done enough background research as well as ensuring that he or she is informed of the alternative products. Where one’s priority is locks and home security systems, he or she should check all the options available for him or her to settle for the best. One would also need to investigate other smart home products and gadgets such as smart sprinklers, smart lawn mowers, ovens, air conditioners among others.…

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3 Services Tips from Someone With Experience

The Benefits Of Having A Small Business.

A Small business is a corporation that is owned privately. It could be a partnership or an individual who decides to open a job so that he or she can rule it. They are easy to open, and therefore they require little capital to start. The features of a small business is that they are flexible. This mean that the owner can decide what to sell in the business and can change the contents when he or she wants. The risks in small businesses are manageable. You as the business owner should not allow any set back to challenge your business.

Another characteristic of a mini-business is that they have to be cooperative. Through the development of smooth relations with people who have enterprises, they benefit from thoughts that are important to them. It is also important that the owner create an excellent working environment with the workers and other partners if they are present. This brings motivation to the individuals working through the effectiveness of the working operations. It is highly necessary to the owners of this business to cultivate a conducive environment with those people around you. These people could be government agents or consumers of your products. A good understanding with your clients pulls a lot of other customers to your business which increases your income. Payment of taxes and abiding by the set laws, rules and regulations of the municipal is paramount in cultivating a perfect relationship with the government.

There are many advantages that come with operating a small business. The major benefit is that one can able to handle the shortcomings that may arise from the business. What causes this difference is the fact that there are fewer risks in a small business which is not present in the large enterprises.

A small business helps a person to be able to operate it with all the discretion and easiness. The cash that is required in a small business is less compared to a large business that needs a lot of money to run the operations that are present. A small business can easily get loans from banks and lending institutions with small interests.

Small businesses are very convenient that other businesses. For a small business, it is easier to manage a business from the location that you live. This has been enabled by the use of internet marketing where customers can view and purchase. This can make your work easier since you can put orders on the web and the customers will request for commodities over the internet. There are options for purchase by a client ranging from purchase from the store of the owner sending a person to deliver.…

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Free Satellite TV Programming- How to Get it

Satellite TV offers a lot of benefits to the viewers with its bigger variety of programming channels compared to cable TV. The picture quality is excellent because broadcasting is in digital format with crystal clear picture.  Satellite TV is usually accessible through paid services offered by satellite TV providers. But did you know that now you can get free satellite TV programming and enjoy thousands of channels without monthly bills?

Watching free satellite TV programming is a dream come true that will benefit most TV viewers. Imagine enjoying hundreds of TV channels without worrying about monthly payment for the service. This free satellite TV does not include setting up any satellite TV dish system to get free satellite TV programming. The procedure in getting this free satellite TV is much easier and you can get free programming in minutes after installation.

Free satellite TV programming is now possible with the use of satellite TV software. This is a new development from years or research and testing. A software that will allow you to watch satellite TV on your PC. The software is an easy to use computer program that will allow you to legally access satellite television channels from all over the world and sends them to your PC through the internet. This amazing discovery and development allows you to watch free satellite TV programming on your PC.

You do not need a satellite dish or satellite TV providers and you will not pay for subscription services. All you need is your computer and an internet connection which most people already have.  A one time payment for the software is much cheaper compared to the satellite TV subscription fee that most people are paying every month. After installation of the software you will enjoy free satellite TV programming without the monthly bills.

With advance technology now, there are more options for you to get the best services for a lower cost or almost free. Turn your computer into satellite TV and watch more then 3,000 free satellite TV programming visit Satellite TV for PC

To know more about electronic gadgets and downloads visit Great Discovery

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CHOOSING JAVA VS .NET FOR WEB DEVELOPMENT

Today, we have a wide range of programming languages which have helped us in creating projects for different purposes. Two major programming languages that have attained a huge amount of success in the recent years are Java and .Net. The Software Development Services Providers have used these two technologies on a very large scale. The field of web development has also been greatly benefited with the introduction of different programming languages.

In my article I would like to make you familiar with some exclusive facts about Java and .Net. The Software Development Services offered in the present year mainly involves the features of both these technologies.

Java has been exclusively used for carrying out efficient web development. Today, the web services are developed using the Java technology API? and tools which are provided by many integrated Web Services platforms. Various webservice stacks consists of JAX-WS, JAZB and WSIT which enable the programmers to create secure Web Services. JavaScript can actually make your website even more interactive. You can easily use the Java scripts in order to perform different activities such as form validation, browser identification and advertisement management etc. Using Java scripts can help your website feature rich with enhanced features. JavaScript can be easily used with any language that is used for web programming. You can easily use JavaScript to handle all your client side activities. Java also includes Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML). This feature allows a website to display its contents without the need of refreshing the web page again and again. It has also been helpful in transferring a large amount of data from the server side to the client side without much delay using XML.

On the other hand, ASP.Net programming has also been an immense success in the recent years. It allows the programmers to build dynamic websites, web services and web applications. In order to use the ASP .NET technology you need to have a web server and a .Net framework. The different steps which are involved in creating a simple ASP.NET web page include the following:-

?hoosing and defining the language you wish to use on the framework (like for eg: C# or Visual Basic).

?reating an HTML Form.

?ing this form to the server you wish to use.

?he processing to be carried out on the server side.

The web server can either be Microsoft IIS (Internet Information Services) or an Apache 2 .The different Software Development Services offered by the software firms include the features that have helped in completing the projects related to different fields within a very short span of time by using either of the technologies. The Software Development Services offered using these technologies have helped different business firms in achieving their goals within a short period of time. Having an excellent website for your business firm can help you achieve an immense amount of popularity all over the world. I hope by now you might have got an introduction about using Java and .Net for web …

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5 Takeaways That I Learned About Sales

Tips When Looking for the Best Metal Detector

If you are one of those individuals who is looking for the best metal detector out there, then you should know that such task can be very challenging. If you search online you will discover that there are so many companies or online stores today that sells metal detectors. And to make things harder, there are a lot of models, brands, and sizes of metal detectors to choose from. Before buying your very own metal detector, it is very important that you take the time to check out the what qualities must a metal detector possess before you buy it. It is also advisable that you take the time to ponder on some few points first before you purchase a metal detector.

It is also recommended that you take the time to read blogs or articles found on the web that will give you an idea on how to find the best metal detector out there. It is also beneficial if you take the time to ask for some tips and suggestions from your family, friends, neighbors, co-workers, or fellow businessmen who have tried buying the best metal detector out there.

Make it your goal to find and buy the best metal detector out there. It is essential that you don’t make any rushed decisions so that you will be successful in finding the best metal detector out there. Before you start purchasing metal detectors, it is very important that you do an online research first. You can also check out different websites or online pages that offer metal detectors. You will then make a shortlist and then compare the products that they are offering.

You should also make sure that you consider the cost of the metal detector before you buy one. Metal detectors are not that cheap, and so you need to make sure that you are buying only the best. It is also essential that you take the time to think about the place of use of the metal detector before you buy them. If you are using it on the beach, then you are going to need beach metal detectors, which are waterproof. You should also make sure that you think about that durability of the metal detector before you buy it.

Bear in mind that not all metal detectors that you will see on the Internet are made out of durable and quality materials. If you want to use your metal detector for a longer period of time, then make sure that they are made out of strong and durable materials. Before you purchase metal detectors from a particular company or online store, it is wise that you take the time to check their reputation and their credentials first.…

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M-Brain Announces Update v 7.6 of Intelligence Plaza Software System

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

(Reading, UK) M-Brain, a leading global supplier of market analysis and competitive intelligence tools, has recently announced its latest release updates (v 7.6) to market intelligence software, Intelligence Plaza.

Intelligence Plaza is globally recognized as being the leading repository system for market intelligence management, helping intelligence professionals and their workforces to better automate essential processes, as well as organize, store and share their most relevant intelligence data to key stakeholders, colleagues and teams.

“At M-Brain, we are dedicated to bringing our clients a holistic approach to competitive intelligence tools,” stated company representative Paul Clarke. “This is something that our competition has been unable to capture and a key element in providing additional value to our clients.”

The updates for the market intelligence software are being rolled out with immediate effect to all existing, as well as new users. It brings improvements to the following key features: data visualization, security, saved search, scheduled alerts, feed processing, content linking and tagging and UX design.

“We have developed Intelligence Plaza to be a mature and competitive intelligence software with the sole purpose of helping to support market intelligence and competitive needs of all size global companies,” Clarke continued. “Clients who have already evaluated the costs of creating a similar system in-house have stated that it is extremely expensive, ineffective and time-consuming. With Intelligence Plaza, we hope to help our clients save quite a bit of time and effort.”

The newest version of Intelligence Plaza is simple to set up and the cost is extremely reasonable considering the features offered. With the software in use, companies can increase productivity and efficiency throughout the company, which creates the high-value ROI for this investment. Additional information and details about M-Brains competitive intelligence software, Intelligence Plaza 7.6, and access to a free online demo is available at the website, www.intelligenceplaza.com.

ABOUT INTELLIGENCE PLAZA

Intelligence Plaza is the web-based intelligence software that is designed to automate routines while organizing data into a single storage repository. All this is done while enabling information sharing and providing delivering to the end user. It was developed by an entire team of market intelligence specialists, along with software specialists to create an easy-to-use design. Other features of this innovative software include management capabilities, chart creation, trend analysis functions and more, providing a comprehensive solution for companies of all sizes, throughout the world that are searching for quality software solutions.

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